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  • SOCIAL MEDIA AND IT’S INFLUENCE

    We need to thanks to the new digital platforms like social media where technology is reinforcing people to create, participate, and share content on the Web, we can have meaningful conversations around events, places, people, news, brands, and products through blogs, micro-blogging sites like Twitter, Social bookmarking, and sharing sites like Digg, social networking sites such as Facebook, social forums and review sites. Virtual worlds like YouTube, Second Life, and podcasts are a few new age tools to name.

  • TO ASSESS THE HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS

    About Author:
    Nishith Sheth
    M.Sc in Clinical Research
    Cranfield university
    sheth10687@gmail.com

    Abstract
    Osteoarthritis is one type of degenerative joint disease and also known as chronic musculoskeletal disease and it occurs mainly in elderly patients with the severe cause of disability. There are approximately 30 million persons affected with severe osteoarthritis and about 26 million persons are affected with severe osteoarthritis in United States only. The approximate annual cost to the public society in medical care is expected to reach 100 billion dollars by the end of 2020. From this much of cost, most of the cost is spent only in finding out the new diagnosis and treatment for this severe disease and also for the prevention of side effects. Today till 2010, 50% of the persons with the age over 75 suffer from the knee osteoarthritis. 80% of the aged persons with knee osteoarthritis feel difficulty in daily routine activities, while 20 % of the aged persons with mild osteoarthritis feel no difficulty in their daily routine activities.
    In this disorder, the joint loses the slippery cartilage those results from ‘wear and tear’ on a joint. Thus the joint becomes large, thick and painful. Thus the bone near the cartilage tries to change and produce overgrowth of the bone.  That’s why the tissue near the bone becomes inflamed and ligaments lose and joint muscle becomes weak. So the people with osteoarthritis feel pain when they are doing their normal routine activities.

  • CLEANING VALIDATION IN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY: A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH

    ABOUT AUTHORS:
    Sharma A*, Vaghela J.S, Sharma P, Sharma B, Agrawal M, Jagiwala S
    Department of Quality Assurance, Bhupal Nobles’ College of Pharmacy,
    Udaipur- 313002, Rajasthan, India
    *life4abhishek@gmail.com

    ABSTRACT
    Pharmaceutical manufacturers must validate their cleaning process to ensure compliance with standard regulatory authorities. Manufacturing and cleaning equipment must be designed for effective and consistent cleaning to avoid cross-contamination and the cleaning processes must be verified as effective. An effective cleaning shall be in place to provide documented evidence that the cleaning methods employed within a facility consistently controls potential carryover of product including intermediates and impurities), cleaning agents and extraneous material into subsequent product to a level which is below predetermined levels. This article provide introduction on cleaning validation and the associated regulations, level/degree of cleaning, approaches to cleaning validation, elements of cleaning validation, acceptance criteria, validation protocols, validation reports.

  • AN UPDATED PHARMACEUTICAL CRUDE DRUG PROFILE

    Pharmacognostical Crude drug Profile:

  • Pharmaceutical product pricing policies in India: A simplified view on latest amendments

    When the domestic pharmacy market is forecasted to touch US$20 billion by 2015, it was essential to do amendments in previous laws directly affecting pharmaceutical market in India. Amendment regulations are drafted by parliamentary counsel’s office for the purpose of excellence in regulation and only published in gazettes. Major change experienced by Indian pharmaceutical market recently is in pharmaceutical pricing policies.

  • COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DRUG PRODUCT RECALL REGULATIONS IN USA, UK AND AUSTRALIA AND DRAFT GUIDELINES FOR INDIA

    About Authors: 
    Bane Singh Rajput*
    Research Scholar of Lachoo Memorial College of Science & Technology
    Pharmacy Wing, Jodhpur (Raj.)
    *bnsingh29@gmail.com

    Abstract
    Drug product recall is an action taken to withdraw or remove a batch or an entire production run of a drug product from distribution or use and return them to the manufacturer. It is usually done due to the discovery of deficiencies in quality, efficacy or safety in the marketed drug products. Defective drug products related to quality includes adulterated or spurious drugs. Safety and efficacy related recalls include serious adverse reactions and death. Recalls also include drugs prohibited under the law and also those products for which product licenses are suspended/ cancelled. In USA, guidelines for drug product recall are described under 21 CFR Parts 7, 107 and 1270.  In Australia, guidelines for drug product recall are described under section 65F of the Trade Practices Act 1974. Sections 2(2), 4, 5 and 7 of the European Communities Act 1972 and Directive 2001/95/EC on general product safety are followed in UK for drug product recall. In India, references for drug product recalls, complaint and adverse reactions are mentioned in Para 27, 28 of Schedule M and conditions of license for defective product recall in Rule 74(j) and Rule 78(i) of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules there under. But no effective and uniform recall procedure and guidelines are formulated yet in India. This paper presents a comparative study of drug product recall guidelines in USA, UK and Australia. Based on this comparative study suggestions are provided to develop regulatory guidelines for drug product recall in India.

  • Bio Fertilizers

    The worldwide spread of inflation, initiated by several fold rises in Petroleum price thereby depicting its striking influence on the prices of chemical nitrogenous fertilizers, the prices of nitrogenous fertilizers have nearly doubled during the last 3-4 years. This has necessitated to search for cheaper source of nitrogen to meet the needs of crops. This has rejuvenation of soil microbiology to tap out the biological fixation of nitrogen.

  • Article on Hepatitis A

    Hepatitis A, an acute, self-limiting liver infection is transmitted through the fecal oral route by a picovnavirus, hepatitis A Virus(HAV) (1). It is the major cause of acute viral hepatitis in children (2). HAV cause asymptomatic infection in young children and symptomatic infection in adults (3). A study shows symptomatic infection in 4-16% of children as compared to 75-95% of adults (1). The symptoms include jaundice, fever, abdominal pain, malaise, anorexia which resolve after onset within 1-2 months.

  • DRAFTING OF PATENT CLAIMS AND NONOBVIOUSNESS IN PATENT

    ABOUT AUTHORS:
    Mohit kumar*, Vishal Sachdeva,
    Seth G. L. Bihani S. D. College of Technical Education,
    Sri Ganganagar (RAJASTHAN) 335001, INDIA
    *mohigarg30@gmail.com

    ABSTRACT
    A well drafted application decides the fate of an invention. Drafting plays a vital role in the success of an invention during its prosecution, management and maintenance during its tenure and turning it into cash. Drafting a patent application is one of the most important and at the same time one of the most difficult process. The applicant or his agent should so draft a patent application that it is granted with an adequate scope or ambit so as to fully serve the business purpose(s) for which the patent is meant to be used. It is here that the importance of drafting the claims in a patent must be fully appreciated, as the drafting of claims must always be done with a clear focus on the exact business needs that are sought to be served by it. That is, a business strategy perspective must inform the thinking of the one who takes up the task of drafting the patent claims. The ultimate purpose of every business strategy is to ensure that a business makes the desired amount of profit to justify the risks taken in making the investments of resources and time. Similarly, the purpose of drafting claims should be to fully serve the business strategy at hand. Even so, only a small number of well drafted patents are actually used by businesses to help them to make or safeguard their profits. (Swarbrick James, 2007).

  • AN REVIEW ON MEDICAL TOURISM: A NEW THRUST AREA FOR TOURISM

    About Authors:
    Paresh Mohan*, Saurabh Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Mahaveer Prasad Kabra

    Department of Pharmaceutics, Kota College of Pharmacy,
    S-P-1, RIICO Industrial Area, Ranpur, Jhalawar road,
    Kota, Rajasthan, India – 324009.
    *pareshmhshwr90@gmail.com

    Abstract:
    Medical tourism is becoming a new thrust area for tourists across the globe. It is predominantly combined with travel and tourism. The term medical tourism has been coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly growing practice of travelling across all around the world to obtain hi-tech medical care. Various countries like Thailand, Malaysia, India, etc are promoting medical tourism eagerly. The key advantages of India in medical tourism are the following: low cost advantage, strong reputation in the advanced healthcare segment (cardiovascular surgery, organ transplants, eye surgery etc.) and the diversity of tourist destinations available in the country which attracts like culture, food etc.
    The most of the people of many countries have long traveled to the developed countries like United States and Europe to seek the expertise and advanced technology available in leading medical centers. This paper focuses on the key issues and opportunities possessed by Indian medical tourism sector that enable it to overcome domestic and international barriers on upgrading its medical services. Finally, this paper analyses and concludes the main reasons why the developing country like India attracts foreign tourists for the medical treatment.

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