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Antimicrobial Activity of Plants Belong to Solanaceae Family


Fungal and Bacterial infection in humans and plants

Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Fungi To Human[37]

Disease

Casual Agent

Description of Agent

Organs Affected

Transmission

Strep Throat,Scarlet Fever

Streptococcus, Pyogenes

Gm(+) capsualted streptococcus

Upper respiratory tract

Air

Diphtheria

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

Gm(+) rod

blood,Skin, Upper Respiratory tract,Heart,Nerve Fibres

Air

Pertussis ( Whooping Cough)

bordetella pertussis

Gm (-) rod

Upper Respiratory Tract

Air

Meningococcal Meningitis

Neisseria meningitidis

Gm(-) diplococcus

Upper Respiratory Tract, Blood, Meninges

Air

Haemophilus meningitis

Haemophilus influenzae

Gm(-) capsulated rod

Upper Respiratory Tract, Meninges

Air

Flavobacterium meningitis

Flavobacterium meningospecticum

Gm(-) rod

Upper Respiratory Tract,Meninges

Air

Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Acid fast rod

Lungs, Bonesm Other Bones

Air

Pneumococcal pneumonia

Sterptococcus pneumoniae

Gm(+) capsualted diplococci in chains

Lungs

Air

Primary Atypical Pneumonia

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Mycoplasma ( No Cell Wall )

Lungs

Air

Klebsiella pneumonia

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Gm(- ) capsulated rod

Lungs

Air

Disease

Casual Agent

Description of Agent

Organs Affected

Transmission

Serratia pneumonia

Serratia marcescens

Gm(- ) rod, Red pigement at 25 degree C

Lungs

Air

Q Fever

coxiella burnetti

Rickettsia, 0.45 micron Diameter

Lungs

Air

Psittacosis

chlamydia psittaci

Chlamydia, 0.25 micron diameter

Lungs

Air

Botulism

Clostridium botulinum

Gm(+) spore forming rods

Neuromuscular Junction

Food, Water

Staphylococcal Food Poisoning

Stephylococcus aureus

Gm(+) Staphylococcus

Intestine

Food, Water

Clostridial Food Poisoning

clostridium perfringes

Gm(+) Spore forming Rods

Intestine

Food, Water

Typhoid Fever

Salmonella typhi

Gm(-) rod

intestine, Blood, Gall Bladder

Food, Water

Salmonellosis

Salmonella serotypes

Gm(-) rods

Intestine

Food, Water

Shigellosis

shigella serotypes

Gm(-) rods

Intestine

Food, Water

Cholera

vibrio cholerae

Gm(-) Curves rod

Intestine

Food, Water

Brucellosis

Brucella Spp.

Gm(-) rod

Spleen,Lymph Glands

Food, Water

Anthrax

Bacillus anthracis

Gm(+) Spore Forming Rod

Blood, Lungs,Skin

Soil

Tetanus

Clostridium tetani

Gm(+) spore forming  rod

Nerves at synapse

Soil

Disease

Casual Agent

Description of Agent

Organs Affected

Transmission

Gas Gangrene

clostridium perfringes

Gm(+) spore forming anaerobic rod

Muscles,Nerves, Blood Cells

Soil

Bubonic Plague

yersinia pestis

Gm(-) bipolar rod

Lymph Nodes,Blood,Lungs

Rat flea (A)

Relapsing Fever

Borrelia recurrentis

Spirochete

Blood, Liver

Louse (A)

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rickettsia rickettsiae

Rickettsia

Blood, Skin

Tick (A)

Epidemic Typhus ( Typhus Fever)

Rickettsia prowazekii

Rickettsia

Blood, Skin

Louse (A)

Endemic Typhus ( Murine Typhus)

Rickettsia typhi

Rickettsia

Blood, Skin

Flea (A)

Scrub Typhus

Rickettsia tsutsugamushi

Rickettsia

Blood, Skin

Mite (A)

Rickettsialpox

Rickettsia akari

Rickettsia

Blood, Skin

Mite (A)

Tickborne Fevers

Rickettsia conorii

Rickettsia

Blood, Skin

Tick (A)

syphilis

Treponema pallidum

Spirochete

Skin, Cardiovascular Organs

Sexual

Gonorrhea

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Gm(-) diplococcus

Urethra,Cervix,Fallopian Tubes, Epididymis, Eyes, Pharynx

Sexual

Chlamydial urethritis

chlamydia trachomatis

chlamydia

Urethra,Cervix,Fallopian Tubes, Epididymis, Eyes, Pharynx

Sexual

Ureaplasmal urethritis

Ureaplasma urealyticum

Mycoplasma

Urethra,Fallopian tubes,Epididymis

Sexual

Disease

Casual Agent

Description of Agent

Organs Affected

Transmission

Lymphogranuloma venereum

Chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia

Inguinal lymph nodes,Rectum

Sexual

Vaginitis

Gardnerella vaginalis

Gm(-) rod

Vagina

Sexual

Mycoplasmal urethritis

Mycoplasma hominis

Mycoplasma

Urethra, Fallopian tubes

Sexual

Leprosy ( hansen's Disease)

Mycobacterium leprae

Acid Fast Rod

Epididymis skin,bones,periphercal nerves

Contact

Staphylococcal skin diseases

Staphlococcus aureus

Gm(+) staphylococcus

skin

Contact

Trachoma

chlamydia trachomatis

Chlamydia

Eyes

Contact

Bacterial Conjuctivitis

Haemophilus influenze type III

Gm(-) rod

Eyes

Contact

Diseases Caused by Fungi To Human

Disease

Casual Agent

Description of Agent

Organs Affected

Cryptococcosis

Cryptococcus neoformans

Lungs, Spinal Cord

Air

Candidiasis, Vaginitis, Thrush, Onychia

Candida albicans

Intestine, Vagina,Skin, Mouth

Air,Sexual Contact

tinea Pedis

Trichophyton Spp.

Skin

Contact

Tinea Captis

Microsporum Spp.

Skin

Contact

Tinea Corporis,Tinea Barhae

Epidermophyton spp.

Skin

Contact

Histoplasmosis

Histoplasma capsulatum

Lungs, Other Organs

Air

Blastomycosis

Blastomyces dermatitidis

Lungs, Other Organs

Air

Coccidiodomycosis

Coccidiodes immitis

Lungs, Ears

Air

Aspergillosis Otomycosis

Aspergillus

Lungs, Ears

Air

Natural Anti-fungal's
Saturated Fatty Acids
Undecylenic and caprylic acids are common medium chain saturated fatty acids used to treat yeast infections. Both are found naturally in the human body in small amounts. Common commercial sources of caprylic acid are palm and coconut oils, whereas undecylenic acid is extracted from castor bean oil. Caprylic acid products are far more common than those of undecylenic acid but don't assume this means it is better, undecylenic acid has far more research data available on it and was the treatment of choice for fungal skin infections for a long time before newer drugs arrived[1,2]. Both have been shown to be comparable to a number of common anti-fungal drugs. In fact undecylenic acid was the main agent used to treat fungal infections prior to the development of newer drugs and is still prescribed today for some infections. A typical dosage for caprylic acid would be up to 3600mg per day in divided doses with meals. Undecylenic acid is commonly taken in dosages of up to 1000mg per day, again in divided doses. A major advantage of using natural products over drugs is the cost. A months supply of either of these fatty acids will cost only about $20-30 for a quality product.

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